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What Are Eating Disorders?

Eating Disorders are described as illnesses that are characterized by irregular eating habits and severe distress or concern about body weight or shape.

In these disorders people experience harsh changes in the eating habits which are linked with their emotions, thoughts and cause disturbance. People become anxious about their body weight and food in eating disorders.

The analytical and numerical guide of psychological disorders shows that eating ailments are now identified as mental disorders.

It may consist of unnecessary or inadequate intake of food that eventually disturbs the health individual. There are some types of this eating disorder that have an effect on both males and females.

Types of eating disorders:

Followings are the common types.

Anorexia Nervosa

It is the most common type of eating disorder. It has a propensity to affect the females more than males and develops in the period of young adults and teenage years.

The individuals of anorexia nervosa consider them as over weighted and in some cases if they are under weighted.

These people continuously check the body weight, change their eating behavior such as avoid eating different foods and being conscious about the calories.

These people may have problem to eat in public place and they wish to direct their surroundings and preventive their capability to be natural.

Anorexia Nervosa can be destructive for the body; people who live with this can face brittle hair and nails, thinning of the bones, growth of fine hairs on all body and infertility. In some severe cases it may results in brain, heart and different organ death or failure.

Bulimia Nervosa

It is also another type of eating disorder. In short period of time persons with bulimia constantly eat large quantity of food. Males and females who experience bulimia may feel severely sad with their body shape and size, and may have a fear of gaining weight. Gastrointestinal problems, heart difficulties consequential from an electrolyte discrepancy, severe dehydration and other injuring effects can have due to bulimia. Following are some symptoms of bulimia nervosa:

  • Painful throat and chronically inflamed.
  • Salivary glands beneath the jaw and neck turn into swollen; puffy face and cheeks leads to develop a face look like a chipmunk.
  • Enamel of tooth wears off.

Binge eating disorders

People with binge eating disorder constantly lose control on their eating habits. Unlike from the other eating disorder, occurrence of binge eating are not pursue through the compensatory manners for example fasting, too much exercise and purging.

People with binge eating disorder are frequently got overweighed and obese. The risk of medical issues may increase that are associated to overweight for example stroke, type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

Causes of eating disorders:

These are very complex disorders. Following factors are involved in eating disorders.

  • Dietetic deficiencies
  • It can be genetic and the association of individual genes and eating disorder is still being in research.
  • Unbalanced hormone functions
  • Poor body illustration
  • Negative self esteem

External pressure can cause an eating disorder.

  • Dieting can develop eating disorder
  • Social pressure
  • Adolescent onset
  • Anxiety and depression


  • Family dining routine may manipulate the association of children with food.
  • Proper monitoring and medical care
  • A proper medication helps to resolve the anxiety and mood symptoms.
  • A proper nutrition for stabilization and weight restoration.
  • A proper guideline for balance and normal eating.
  • Individualize meal plan.
  • Various forms of psychotherapies.
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Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are solely of the author and do not represent ARY policies or opinion.