Pakistan’s water crisis
Pakistan is going to face an “acute water shortage” by 2025 a a recent United Nations agency report warned.
Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR) already created the grim forecast in a report issued in 2017. The report claimed that the country touched the “water stress line” in 1990 before crossing the “water inadequacy line” in 2005.
Pakistan’s largest province, Balochistan, is already facing a severe drought and unreal famine because of scarce downfall and dropping groundwater levels. The metropolis, Quetta, is facing associate displeasing scenario because the water level is decreasing by three-and-a-half feet once a year.
Scarce water could be a major issue in Pakistan as per capita water handiness has fallen from more or less five thousand cubic meters to some one thousand cubic meters annually, which implies the country is water-scarce. Pakistan wastes water value Rs25 billion once a year, according to Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA).
Pakistan has the world’s fourth-highest rate of water usage and specialists believe that poor management could be a larger issue than depleting water reserves.
A recent study by the PCRWR conjointly found that concerning sixty nine percent of water suppliers don’t meet the National Standards for Water Quality, putting millions of lives in danger.
Some politicians have warned of “massive corruption” within the water sector with some seeking to profiteer from the inadequacy of a significant resource.
Use of water has been inflated within the daily lives for varied purposes such as domestic, agriculture, industrial, energy & power generation and conjointly for recreational activities. Because of increasing use of water and the rising of the population, per capita handiness of water will be lowered up to 858 in 2025.
Pakistan depends on water from one supply — the Indus River Basin in India — and dynamical climatic conditions has led to reduced rainfall, thus making Pakistan a water-stressed nation.
According to the International money (IMF), Islamic Republic of Pakistan is already the third most water-stressed country in the world. Its per capita annual water handiness is 1,017 cubic meters dangerously getting close to inadequacy threshold of 1000 cubic meters. Back in 2009, Pakistan’s water handiness was concerning 1500 cubic meters.
The bulk of Pakistan’s farmland is irrigated through a canal system. However, the International Monetary Fund says in a report that canal water is immensely underpriced, recovering only one-quarter of annual operative and maintenance prices. Meanwhile, agriculture that consumes most annual obtainable surface water, is essentially nontaxable.
Under the funding of the World Bank, Sindh has got to irrigate 35 thousand acres whereas Punjab has got to irrigate 110 acres of un-irrigated land through the drip irrigation system, not only latest mechanized irrigation but however the modern mechanized cropping has to be adopted like raised bed planting and zero tillage.
Most households in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan depend upon groundwater however the standard and amount of groundwater has depleted over the years.
Experts say that population explosion and urbanization are the main causes of this severe scarcity of water. Temperature change, poor water management, and lack of interest shown by politicians are also some of the highlighted reasons for acute water shortage.
Dams seem to be the only way that can prevent a severe drought to occur in the country.
It surely is a high time for Pakistan to come up with a water policy. We need to build water storage and develop a mechanism to save and maintain the quality of groundwater.